As a new parent, you may have questions about your child. Below are some of the physical features and behaviors you may see in your baby after birth.
Sleep and awakening circles – For the first few hours after birth, babies are active and awake. They then become sleepy for the next 12 to 24 hours.Expect your baby to sleep 16 to 20 hours a day, with no set schedule or times.
Many times babies wake up at night to be fed.
Head – Your baby’s head may look bigger and have changed shape during childbirth. This will gradually correct itself within about a week.
Babies have two soft spots on the head. These soft areas will close slowly and do not require special care.
Eyes – Babies are best able to see at a distance of 20-25 centimeters. Your baby’s eye color will change to 6 to 12 months.
It is normal for your baby’s eyes to be swollen, with red spots on the white part in the eye or look awkward. These situations will often go away.
Breasts and genitals – It is normal for a baby’s breasts and testicles to look swollen. That will gradually leave.
The baby’s breasts may have a small amount of milk-like fluid coming out of it that will slowly leave. It is normal for a baby girl to have a small amount of fluid and mucus coming out of her vagina or genitals for a few days after birth.
Skin – If you notice black or blue spots around your baby’s mouth and your baby is not moving or trembling when you touch or talk to him, call an ambulance or rush to a hospital.
If your baby develops skin blisters filled with fluid or pus, call your child’s doctor to check your child for infections, especially if there is a cough, fever or poor feeding.
These skin conditions may be seen and often go away without treatment:
- Spots of red skin on the forehead or back of the neck.
- Learn the blue-gray spots on the back and buttocks that often go away over a period of months or years.
- Very small spots on the face. Do not squeeze.
- Dry, cracked skin or a tingling or cracking sound around the ankle. When dry skin falls off, new, softer skin will appear.
- Hairy hair on the back, arms and ears.
- A creamy white substance that may be on the skin at birth
Jaundice – Jaundice is a yellow color seen on the skin and eyes. It usually goes away within 1 to 2 weeks.
While in the hospital, a small amount of the baby’s blood may be tested to check the amount of hepatitis.
After you go home, check your baby’s skin and eye color in natural daylight or in a room with light / white lights.
Call your baby ‘s doctor if:
- If your baby’s stomach, legs and arms are yellow.
- If the white part of the baby’s eyes is yellow.
- Your baby is yellow and your baby has difficulty waking up, crying or not taking anything from you.
Coughing, sneezing and vomiting – Coughing and sneezing are sometimes normal. This does not mean that your baby is sick unless there is a yellow or green discharge from the nose or no other symptoms. Newborns often spit during or after feedings.
Choking – Babies choke when they are fed while lying down. When feeding, hold your baby’s head slightly up and never support the bottle.
If your baby chokes, coughs or spits, stop feeding, sit or lean. Gently pat his back until the choking stops and then resume feeding.
Feelings – Babies are always growing up and learning about the world around them. Babies love to be held, cuddled and carried.