A balanced diet and a daily dose of exercise may not be the only factors that intervene in weight loss; the hormones play an important role in this action that seeks not only aesthetic but health wellness.
- Leptin. Discovered in 1994 by a group of Molecular Genetics Rockefeller University, is a hormone produced mainly by adipose tissue. It acts as a thermostat informing the hypothalamus, a small brain region of great importance in the regulation of body weight, on the size of the body’s white fat deposits. Its main effects are the decrease in appetite and the increase in energy expenditure.
- Cortisol. It is one of the most important hormones since it controls the lipid, protein and glucidic metabolism. In addition to that it intervenes in the blood pressure of the individual. Known as the stress hormone, cortisol can generate a buildup of fat in the abdomen, according to a study conducted by Yale University and led by specialist Elissa Epel.
- Insulin Its main function is to lower the blood sugar level; However, this hormone also influences the metabolism and therefore in the weight loss or increase in it. Insulin affects enzymes such as triglyceridolipase that is responsible for the use of reserve fat.
- Irisina. Discovered by a group of scientists at the Harvard Medical School, this hormone is secreted by practicing physical activity and helps burn calories with great efficiency, even when you have finished exercising. The irisin comes through the blood to the white fat cells (bad fat) and helps them to turn into brown fat (good fat).
- Cholecystokinin. Intestinal hormone that controls the appetite by reducing the intake. The release decreases the volume ingested and the duration of the meals. By interacting with the receptors of the dorsomedial nucleus of the hypothalamus, this hormone compresses the peptide levels.
The hormones can define an individual ‘s gender, body development processes, but also the weight loss or increasing it. Before carrying out any diet or exercise routine, it is recommended that you consult a specialist and that this one investigate your physical and hormonal status, in order to determine which treatment is the most appropriate for you.