World Suicide Prevention Day is a global event aimed at raising awareness on suicide prevention and mental health issues.
In many social norms, suicide is considered a sin and an act of devil’s work. Unfortunately, mental health contribute a bigger percentage of the condition.
The day’s theme “Working Together to Prevent Suicide” emboldens us to reach widely to people in distress and provide platform for showing kindness and support. In doing so, we are saving lives. All we can do is to talk and listen to someone. No one should ever suffer alone in this world.
According to data from World Population Review the countries with the highest suicide rate are Sri Lanka with 35.3 suicides per 100,000 followed by Lithuania in Eastern Europe with 32.7 suicides per 100,000.
Kenya is placed position 114 out of the total 175 countries with suicide rate of 6.5 per 100,000. In the continent of Africa, Angola is leading with 20.5 suicides per 100k followed by Central African Republic with 17.5 suicides per 100k.
Another survey – Economic Survey 2018 by the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics – shows that in Kenya, more men commit suicide than women. The major cause, the study found out, is depression which the country is ranked sixth in Africa. WHO estimates that 4 Kenyans commit suicide every day.
Unluckily, after getting saved from suicidal attempts, many people feel the wrath of the society, shrinking the recovery path. For suicide attempters, before taking such dangerous step, try all means possible by talking to close ones to express your concern.
What pushes a person to commit suicide?
- Overpowering and intolerable pain
- Massive negative and disturbing thoughts
- Not seeing any solution to the facing problem
- Imaging death to be the best relief
- Feeling worthless
- Too much aloneness
- Not really understanding what is happening
Source of help:
- Providing free counselling for youngsters undergoing mental challenges
- Opening expert discussions on the mayhem surrounding suicide
- Health facilities to provide help immediately when individual need counselling
- Health professional – all levels and cadres – should be ready to provide support to mentally challenged persons
- Creating support base for youngsters to access help
- Mental hospitals to provide help to their patients with counselling to minimize impact of suicide.
- Religious institutions and groups should mentor and guide people spiritually on suicide issues
- Earlier suicide attempts
- History of substance abuse
- Physical disability or ailment
- Losing a friend or family member to suicide
- Relationship problems
- Access to harmful means
- Recent death of a family member or close friend
- Mental health conditions
- Ongoing exposure to bullying behavior
- Negative view of self
- Making suicide threats
- Substance abuse
- Giving things away
- A sense of hopelessness or no hope for the future
- Making funeral arrangements
- Aggressiveness and irritability
- Possessing lethal means
- Drastic mood change and behavior
- Frequently talking about death
- Self-harm like cutting behaviors
- Engaging risky behaviors