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Frequently asked questions about cancer

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Cancer! The very mention of this scares everyone. People are afraid of cancer to an extent that some do not even understand what it is. In this article, we are discussing some of the questions that people often as about cancer.

How common is cancer?

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Because of lifestyle changes over the years, cancers have become more common. It is approximated that a third of the population are likely to develop cancer during their lifetimes. This is scary! Right?

Developing cancer is linked to an individual’s lifestyle. Therefore to reduce the population that is likely to get it, people are advised to avoid using tobacco, limit time in the sun, and ensuring they are physically active.

Who can get cancer?

According to various health journals and researches, approximately half a million cancer cases are reported and diagnosed each year.

Almost anyone can get cancer regardless of the age but the chances increase with age.

According to American Cancer Society, 9 out of 10 cancer cases reported each year are of people of ages 50 and above. Cancer can also be got in people of all racial and ethnic groups.

What causes cancer?

Most cancers are caused by things that people expose themselves to. For instance, smoking is known to be a risk and can cause cancer of the lungs, bladder, kidneys, throat, mouth, and many organs.

Cancer caused in one organ can easily spread to other parts of the body. The things that people eat as well increases cancer risks. And also exposing one to a lot of sun without protection increases the risk of getting skin cancer.

There are other substances that if one is exposed to can cause cancer as well. Exposing one to nuclear substances can cause cancer.

And research shows that radiation during treatment of one cancer can cause growth of cancerous cells in other parts of the body. This is why it is advisable for doctors to use low doses of radiation when doing X-rays.

There are also genetic factors that cause cancer. Genes inherited from parents can be cancerous as well.

Can injuries lead to cancer?

There have been myths that injuries can cause cancers. However, bruises, falls, broken bones among other injuries have not been linked to cancer. That is also the case with stress.

Numerous research done have shown there is no link between personality attitude and cancer. It is argued that there are many factors that affect human immune system but not all can cause cancer.

Is cancer contagious?

Some people stay away from those who have cancer as a result of the fear of catching the disease. Cancer is not like tuberculosis or cholera which are contagious. You cannot get cancer by being close or touching someone who has cancer.

Can cancer be prevented?

Cancer can be prevented by avoiding some risk factors such as Tobacco, alcohol, UV rays from the sun, and observing a healthy diet. Cancers can also be treated if detected early enough.

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