When a condom breaks accidentally in the middle of an intimacy, there are three major issues to think about that could be the result of the breakage: Sexually transmitted infections, HIV and unwanted pregnancy, for women.
Before anything else ensure the condom is not expired and when opening avoid using sharp objects.
You are unknowingly increasing the chance of the condom to break in the middle of nowhere. Object like razor blades or needles shouldn’t be used when opening the condom.
Accidents happen: In moments of passion, a condom worn incorrectly (or past its expiration date) can break or slip off, putting you at risk for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) such as HIV and—if you’re a woman—pregnancy, writes health.com.
According to Health statistics every year 3 million women in the U.S. get unintended pregnancy either because of skipping contraception or using it improperly.
Morning-after HIV prevention
After such an accident, you and your partner should get tested for STDs and HIV as soon as possible. If you have been exposed to the HIV virus, ask for post exposure prophylaxis (PEP), a “morning after” treatment for HIV that may prevent infection.
The treatment is a month long course of HIV (antiretroviral) medications that are most effective if you start them right away—but may still work up to 72 hours after exposure.
Side effects can include extreme nausea and fatigue.
Morning-after pregnancy prevention
If you are a woman who is worried about unwanted pregnancy consider having a Plan B.
The high-dose birth control pill is available over-the-counter (it’s also known as emergency contraception, or EC) and can prevent pregnancy if taken within 72 hours.
Plan B is most effective when taken right away and taking it within the first 24 hours is encouraged. Many women’s health organizations recommend purchasing it before you need it, so that it’s readily available if you ever do.
Plan B’s side effects may include:
Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, fatigue, headache, and menstrual changes.
If you experience severe abdominal pain, see a doctor. If your period is more than a week late after taking Plan B, you might be pregnant and should get tested.
Avoid future accidents
Once the immediate crisis is over, says Perry N. Halkitis, PhD, a psychologist specializing in HIV at New York University, put some thought into why the condom broke.
“These accidents don’t happen easily,” he says. “Are you using condoms correctly? Are you using the right kind of lube?
Are the condoms old or expired? It’s important to identify the problem so you can avoid similar accident in the future.”