You probably have come across people committing suicide or heard it from the mainstream media that regularly reports such cases.
Committing suicide has become common in the modern world courtesy of underlining issues such as depression. Globally, high number of people go through the self-destruction either through doctor assisted or by external factors.
Interestingly, suicide doesn’t target specific nation or race but spreads across the globe whether developing or advanced countries. Fortunately or unfortunately, global suicide rate is now out. For some countries, committing suicide is unheard off.
According to data from World Population Review the countries with the highest suicide rate are Sri Lanka with 35.3 suicides per 100,000 followed by Lithuania in Eastern Europe with 32.7 suicides per 100,000.
Others are Guyana in South America ((29 suicides per 100k), Mongolia in East Asia (28.3 suicides per 100k) and South Korea in East Asia (28.3 suicides per 100k).
On the other hand, countries with the least suicide rates are Grenada in Caribbean (0.5 suicides per 100k), Barbados in Eastern Caribbean (0.4 suicides per 100k) and Antigua and Barbuda in West India recording 0 suicides per 100,000.
Kenya is placed position 114 out of the total 175 countries with suicide rate of 6.5 per 100,000. In the continent of Africa, Angola is leading with 20.5 suicides per 100k followed by Central African Republic with 17.5 suicides per 100k.
In Kenya, for the last 10 years – that is between 2008 and 2017 – the rate of suicide rate has been swelling. Last year recorded the highest cases of suicide reported – 421 while the year 2010 recorded the least – 75 cases.
The last three years – 2014, 2015 and 2016 recorded 301, 221 and 302 respectively. At the highest point, 2007 recorded similar high number of 369 suicide cases reported.
Another survey – Economic Survey 2018 by the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics – shows that in Kenya, more men commit suicide than women. The major cause, the study found out, is depression which the country is ranked sixth in Africa.
Doctor assisted suicide or physician-assisted suicide, according to MedicineNet.com, is the voluntary termination of one’s life by administering lethal substance with help of a physician with the intention of ending his or her own life.
However, people commonly commit suicide using pesticide, hanging oneself and firearms, reveals a data by WHO, adding that limiting the access of these contributing factors can lessen suicide rate.
Suicide rates among different groups, young and aged, differ among countries but on average, WHO states that suicide is the second leading cause of death among the youths (15-29 years)
A World Health Organization (WHO) report released late last year revealed that someone dies every 40 seconds globally due to suicide and that majority of the victims are youths.
A research by WHO in 2003 showed that there are more suicide cases among males compared to females.
The research estimates that among those aged between 15 and 24, there are 19.2 suicide deaths for every 100,000 males and 5.6 deaths for a similar number of females in Kenya, writes The Standard.
Mental Health Reporting state that an estimated 2 – 15 percent of persons who have been diagnosed with major depression die by suicide.
Those who have just been discharged from the hospital and those who have a family history of suicide are part of the risk group in the country.
Also at high risk are those who have made a suicide attempt in the past and individuals who suffer from depression.
Although cultural setback in terms of making suicide a taboo is still rampant in many societies, the condition can be prevented through getting in contact with persons who attempted suicide previously and providing community support to people with mental illness or depression.