Yeast infections result from the overgrowth of yeast in various areas of our bodies.
The most common form of fungal infection is Candidiasis. Candida Albicans causes it.
Examples of such infections are thrush (oral thrush), vaginal yeast infections, diaper rash, nail bed reactions and underneath large breast. Rarely, yeast infections spread all over the body.
In the case where the fungus enters the blood stream, Systemic Candida, it may be difficult to treat, 45 percent of the patients die.
Recurrent yeast infection could be a sign of diabetes, hormonal imbalance, HIV/AIDS or Leukemia.
Yeast infection and women
In women, vaginal candidiasis is a major cause of burning, pain during sex, pain when urinating, itching, clumpy and grey discharge that looks like cottage cheese.
However, vaginal candidiasis is not sexually transmitted diseases (STD), though it can be transmitted from one sexual partner to another.
Candida is a naturally growing micro-organism in the vaginal area whose growth is kept in check by the Lactobacillus bacteria.
If there is an imbalance and overgrowth of candida, yeast infection symptoms arise. The infection can also affect sexually inactive women and possibly recur.
Causes of yeast infection
Pregnancy. This is due to the increasing and surging of hormones. Do not self-medicate. Visit the doctor.
Weakened Immune system. This could be due to treatment of diabetes, cancer, HIV and AIDS, or an increase in the uptake of antibiotics.
The eye, kidney, brain, heart, spleen, lungs and liver are the organs affected. Candida is life threatening especially when it gets in the blood stream and becomes difficult to treat.
15 percent of people with weak immune systems develop systemic Candida due to the use of antibiotics. Simply because antibiotics disturb and cause imbalance in the body and vaginal flora.
Poor diet. Taking a lot of sugary foods is a major risk factor. Such foods feed the Candida. For a healthy gut flora, yeast has to be present.
However, the overgrowth of Candida because of candy and ice cream will have your anus itchy. Tell-tale signs are flatulence, constipation, gas, cramps, diarrhoea and bloating.
How best it is treated
Probiotics are available at many chemist in form of pills. However, if it’s your first time with Candida, it’s highly recommended to see a doctor. For all you know, the Candida might be different and not the usual Candida Albicans.
Homemade yoghurt, for instance mursik with no added sweeteners contains live cultures of probiotics and Lactobacillus.
In case this is not your second rodeo, visit the doctor to check for other diseases. If you’ve done this already, visit the chemist.
The drugs available are tablets accompanied by suppositories or creams. If you used suppositories before, buy creams; works better and absorbed better by the vaginal walls.
Alternatively, visit the doctor if there are cracks on your vaginal walls.
If this is a complication due to other diseases like Leukemia, Cancer, HIV and AIDS or pregnancy, visit your gynecologist.
Reduce the sugar and carbohydrate intake. Reduce the consumption of sugary fruits like bananas. Sugars only feed and encourage the growth of yeast.
Usually, vaginal and oral Candida do not disappear without treatment. You cannot ignore them away because doing so will make the symptoms worse and the itching unbearable. Visit a doctor.
There is nothing to be embarrassed about when it comes to sexual health. Schedule an appointment with the gynecologist for better health life.
By Serah Nderi